National Cancer Institute
U.S. National Institute of Health www.cancer.gov National Cancer Institute
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FEATURED CENTER OR PROJECT

 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Massachusetts Institute of Technology PS-OP
Understanding the fundamental mechanisms leading to metastatic cancer has been hampered by the need for models that replicate the in vivo situation, yet are amenable to tight control and facilitate high-resolution, time-lapse imaging and quantitative analysis of cell behavior. Over the past several years, we have developed microfluidic systems that are capable of simulating many steps of metastasis including tumor cell invasion, intravasation, trapping in the microcirculation or adhesion to the vessel walls, and extravasation into surrounding extracellular matrix. This prior work has shed new light on the interactions between a transmigrating tumor cell and the endothelium, the role of specific adhesion molecules, and the deformations of the cell and especially the cell nucleus, experience during the transmigration process. The object of our current study is to employ these assays in combination with new measurement methods to interrogate the changes in cell mechanics during the process of extravasation, and understand the nature of the cell-cell and cell-matrix force interactions. We are also investigating the nuclear deformations, changes in chromatin structure and the resulting changes in the transcriptome, which could have important implications for the subsequent ability of extravasated cells to form a new tumor.
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NETWORK

 
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Physical Science-Oncology Network

In 2015 the National Cancer Institute continued the Physical Sciences-Oncology initiative by building a collaborative network of Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OCs) and Physical Sciences Oncology Projects (PS-OPs).

 

PHYSICAL SCIENCES-ONCOLOGY CENTERS

 
Columbia University Cancer Institute Columbia University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Columbia University, New York, NY

Principal Investigators:
Raul Rabadan, Ph.D.
Antonio Iavarone, M.D.

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Cornell University Cornell University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

Principal Investigators:
Claudia Fischbach-Teschl
Lewis C. Cantley, Ph.D.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA

Principal Investigators:
Franziska Michor, Ph.D.
Eric C. Holland, M.D., Ph.D.

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H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Tampa, FL

Principal Investigator:
Robert A. Gatenby, M.D.
Robert J. Gillies, Ph.D.
Alexander R. A. Anderson, Ph.D.

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Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Principal Investigator:
Denis Wirtz, Ph.D.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Principal Investigators:
Forest M. White, Ph.D.
Jann Sarkaria, M.D.

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The Methodist Hospital Research Institute Houston Methodist Research Institute
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Houston Methodist Research Institute, Houston, TX

Principal Investigator:
Mauro Ferrari, Ph.D.

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University of Minnesota University of Minnesota
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Principal Investigators:
David Odde, Ph.D.
David Largaespada, Ph.D.
Steven Rosenfeld, M.D., Ph.D.

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Northwestern University Northwestern University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

Principal Investigators:
Thomas V. O'Halloran, Ph.D.
Jonathan D. Licht, M.D.

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University of Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania
Physical Sciences-Oncology Center
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Principal Investigator:
Dennis Discher, Ph.D.

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PHYSICAL SCIENCES-ONCOLOGY PROJECTS

 
Harvard University Harvard University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Project
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA

Principal Investigator:
Jeffrey Fredberg, Ph.D.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Physical Sciences-Oncology Project
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Principal Investigator:
Roger D. Kamm, Ph.D.

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University of California, Berkeley University of California, Berkeley
Physical Sciences-Oncology Project
University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Principal Investigators:
Jay T. Groves, Ph.D.
Valerie M. Weaver, Ph.D.

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University of Utah University of Utah
Physical Sciences-Oncology Project
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Principal Investigator:
Orly Alter, Ph.D.

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Vanderbilt University Vanderbilt University
Physical Sciences-Oncology Project
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN

Principal Investigators:
Lisa J. McCawley, Ph.D.
Katarzyna Rejniak, Ph.D.
Dmitry Markov Ph.D.

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Coordinating Centers

 
Coordinating Center for the Cancer Systems Biology Consortium and the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network Sage Bionetworks
Coordinating Center for the Cancer Systems Biology Consortium and the Physical Sciences-Oncology Network (U24)
Seattle, WA

Principal Investigators:
Justin Guinney, Ph.D.

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